Who were the three major pioneers of literary criticism?

  • Thomas Hobbes: Answer to Davenant’s preface to Gondibert.
  • Pierre Corneille: Of the Three Unities of Action, Time, and Place.
  • John Dryden: An Essay of Dramatic Poesy.
  • Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux: The Art of Poetry.
  • John Locke: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding.

Who is the pioneer of English literary criticism?

His essays are aphoristic like those of Bacon. Jonson is considered as the father of English literary criticism.

Why is John Dryden considered the father of English criticism?

“Dryden can rightly be considered the father of English criticism because he was the author who first taught us to determine the merits of writing,” said Dr. Johnson who was right to give this honor to Dryden because there had been no consistent critics in England before him.

Who is known as the father of English literature?

Geoffrey Chaucer (/ˈtʃɔːsər/; c. 1340s – 25 October 1400) was an English poet, author, and civil servant best known for The Canterbury Tales. He has been called the “father of English literature”, or, alternatively, the “father of English poetry”.

Who was pioneered the English literary renaissance?

Poet and playwright William Shakespeare (1564 – 1616) is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and one of the world’s greatest dramatists.

Who are the pioneers of New Criticism?

Although the New Critics were never a formal group, an important inspiration was the teaching of John Crowe Ransom of Kenyon College, whose students (all Southerners), Allen Tate, Cleanth Brooks, and Robert Penn Warren would go on to develop the aesthetics that came to be known as the New Criticism.

Is TS Eliot a new critic?

The poet and critic T. S. Eliot gave shape to many of the concerns that would eventually coalesce as New Criticism. Eliot articulated a sense of literary tradition that wrenched criticism away from historical and biographical assessment.

What is IA Richard contribution to literary criticism?

His great contribution to literary criticism was the distinction he made between the ‘two uses of language’ – the referential and the emotive. I. A. Richards is considered as one of the founders of modern literary criticism better known as the New Criticism.

Who is a well known critic of New Criticism?

Another important fi gure in the beginnings of New Criticism was the American writer and critic T. S. Eliot. Later practitioners and proponents include John Crowe Ransom, Cleanth Brooks, Allen Tate, Robert Penn Warren, Reni Wellek, and William Wimsatt.

What does Derrida mean by Logocentric and Phonocentric?

Derrida identifies in all of Western philosophic traditions, a logocentrism or “metaphysics of presence”. Logocentrism, as manifested in Saussure’s phonocentrism, holds that speech (which brings thought) is a privileged, ideal and self preserving identity through which all discourse and meanings are derived.

What influenced modern literary criticism?

Modern literary criticism is often influenced by literary theory, which is the philosophical discussion of literature’s goals and methods. Though the two activities are closely related, literary critics are not always, and have not always been, theorists.

Which is the main goal of Marxist criticism?

Marxist criticism thus emphasizes class, socioeconomic status, power relations among various segments of society, and the representation of those segments. Marxist literary criticism is valuable because it enables readers to see the role that class plays in the plot of a text.

Who introduced the concept of Defamiliarization?

The term “defamiliarization” was first coined in 1917 by Russian formalist Viktor Shklovsky in his essay “Art as Device” (alternate translation: “Art as Technique”).

Who is the father of the linguistic theory known as structuralism?

This principle was first stated clearly, for linguistics, by the Swiss scholar Ferdinand de Saussure (1857–1913).


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